Enerkem making aviation fuel from biomass

Enerkem has made a breakthrough in converting carbon from forest biomass into sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) using a thermochemical process.

This milestone was achieved at Enerkem’s Innovation Centre in Westbury, Quebec.  It will be followed by a demonstration phase, which the company says will lead to commercialization in the near future.

This research is part of The Sky’s the Limit Challenge organized by Natural Resources Canada and for which Enerkem was selected as a finalist.

The aviation sector alone accounts for 3% of total global GHG emissions and its carbon footprint appears difficult to reduce. With the favorable support provided by the Renewable Transportation Fuels Regulation, the production of sustainable aviation fuel from end-of-life materials has emerged as a future solution that will be the cornerstone of aviation’s efforts to reduce its GHG emissions and eliminate them completely by 2050. 

Currently, sustainable aviation fuel can be produced from a number of sources, including waste materials, corn grain and CO2. Enerkem is already working with Shell on the use of waste materials for its Rotterdam project, and as part of The Sky’s the Limit Challenge, Enerkem has chosen a fourth source: forest biomass. 

“Our diligent and innovative approach in developing our forest biomass conversion technology has enabled us to produce a sustainable aviation fuel that will reduce the full life cycle carbon emissions of the aviation industry by over 90% compared to conventional fuel. This breakthrough will allow travelers to take flights that emit significantly less GHGs,” said Michel Chornet, Enerkem’s executive vice -president, engineering, innovation and operations.

Enerkem’s aviation fuel is in the process of being certified by Canadian, American and European authorities. The company has the infrastructure in place to move to the commercialization stage (plant in Edmonton and innovation center in Westbury) and will be able to proceed as soon as the market conditions are met.

Agroforestry for sustainable aviation

Agroforestry captures atmospheric CO2 and, through photosynthesis, water and nutrients, converts the carbon in the CO2 into biomass molecules. This eco-friendly approach inspired Enerkem to take part in the The Sky’s the Limit Challenge and convert Canadian forest biomass residues into sustainable aviation fuel.

The benefits of this approach are numerous: creation of partnerships with regional communities, sustainable economic development, job and wealth creation in the region, diversion of urban biomass from landfill and valorization of residual forest biomass.

Commercialization potential

Ererkem has a commercial-scale biofuel plant in Edmonton, Alberta.  It converts residual municipal waste into biofuels.  A second plant is currently under construction in Varennes, Quebec, in partnership with Shell, Suncor, Proman, the Quebec government and with support from Infrastructure Canada. This plant will process forest biomass in addition to non-recyclable and non-compostable waste.

In addition, last June, due to the substantial demand for sustainable aviation fuel, Ererkem decided, with partners Shell and the Port of Rotterdam, to transform a proposed Rotterdam plant in the Netherlands.  The planned production at this plant will now focus on converting waste materials into aviation fuels rather than renewable chemicals.